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Photo Credit: Forest & Kim Starr

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Photo Credit: Forest & Kim Starr

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Photo Credit: Forest & Kim Starr

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QUICK FACTS

  • HPRWA SCORE 14
  • FAMILY Asteraceae
  • CATEGORY Shrubs, Vines, & Others

cape ivy (Delairea odorata)

An aggressive smothering vine that escapes from cultivation. The Division of Forestry and Wildlife of the Hawai`i Department of Land and Natural Resources has designated this species as one of Hawai`i's Most Invasive Horticultural Plants.

  • A fleshy vine, woody at stem base, grows up to 20 ft long
  • Leaves (4 in long by 2.5 in wide) are deeply indented at base and slightly lobed with 3-10 lobes
  • Yellow flowers grow in dense clusters at end of the vines; many tiny white seeds form thistle balls similar to a dandelion
  • Naturalized on Maui and Big Island, present on Lana`i; native to South Africa
  • Many tiny seeds are spread by the wind, also spreads vegetatively

Harm

  • Quickly climbs into the forest canopy, smothering plants and killing trees
  • Restricts native plant growth and germination by blanketing the ground and rooting down at leaf nodes

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