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Photo Credit: Forest & Kim Starr

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Photo Credit: Forest & Kim Starr

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QUICK FACTS

  • HPRWA SCORE 18
  • FAMILY Verbenaceae
  • CATEGORY Shrubs, Vines, & Others

pikake pilau (Clerodendrum chinense)

An invasive shrub that spreads aggressively from root suckers. The Division of Forestry and Wildlife of the Hawai`i Department of Land and Natural Resources has designated this species as one of Hawai`i's Most Invasive Horticultural Plants.

  • Scented shrub up to 8 ft tall
  • Heart-shaped leaves (2-12 in long by 2-11 in wide) grow opposite
  • Clusters of fragrant red and pink flowers (1 in)
  • Naturalized and cultivated on all main Hawaiian islands; native to Southern China and northern Vietnam
  • Primarily spread by root suckers and vegetative fragmentation

Harm

  • Spreads by root suckers and quickly forms dense thickets smothering understory plants
  • Escapes cultivation dominating roadsides, pasture lands and disturbed areas

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