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Photo Credit: Forest & Kim Starr

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Photo Credit: Forest & Kim Starr

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Photo Credit: Forest & Kim Starr

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Photo Credit: Alberto Salguero

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QUICK FACTS

  • HPRWA SCORE 8
  • FAMILY Melastomataceae
  • CATEGORY Shrubs, Vines, & Others

medinilla (Medinilla magnifica, Medinilla cumingii)

Medinilla species are capable of spreading beyond initial planting and becoming naturalized on the islands. The Division of Forestry and Wildlife of the Hawai`i Department of Land and Natural Resources has designated Medinilla cumingii as one of Hawai`i's Most Invasive Horticultural Plants.

  • Shrubs up to 8 ft tall with strongly veined leaves (6-15 in long) and small (1/4 in) pink, red, or black berries
  • M. magnifica has 4-winged stems and showing flowers, small pink or red flowers (5 pedals) grow in drooping clustered panicles (up to 18 in long) hooded by large, showy leaf-like pink bracts
  • M. cumingii has a square stem and flower clusters 10 in long with small pink flowers (1 in, 4 pedals)
  • Found on O`ahu, Maui, and Big Island; native to the Philippines
  • Prolific seeder, seeds spread by birds

Harm

  • Easily escapes cultivation and known to naturalize in disturbed rainforests
  • Forms thickets and displace native plants
  • Often germinates on other plants growing to smoother its host
  • Larger mature plants often climb surrounding vegetation

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